The Introduction of Blue and White Porcelain and Its Characteristics in Different Periods

The Introduction of Blue and White Porcelain and Its Characteristics in Different Periods The introduction of blue and white porcelain and its characteristics of each period blue and white porcelain, also known as white blue and white porcelain, often referred to as blue and white, is one of the mainstream varieties of Chinese porcelain, which is a subglazed porcelain. Blue and white porcelain uses cobalt oxide containing cobalt ore as raw material to draw patterns on the ceramic body, then cover with a layer of transparent glaze and burn once by high temperature reducing flame. The cobalt material is blue after firing, and has the characteristics of strong coloring, bright color, high firing rate, and stable coloration. The original blue-and-white porcelain was seen in the Tang and Song dynasties, and the mature blue and white porcelain appeared in the Hutian kiln in Jingdezhen in the Yuan Dynasty. The Ming Dynasty blue and white became the mainstream of porcelain. Qing Kangxi developed to the top. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it also burned a variety of blue and white flowers, green peacock green glaze, bean green glaze blue and white, red and blue flowers, yellow blue and white flowers, blue and white porcelain glaze varieties.

Characteristics of each period (1), Tang Qinghua: The Tang Dynasty's blue and white porcelain were in the period of blue and white porcelain. The specimens that can be seen nowadays are more than twenty pieces of blue and white porcelain unearthed in Yangzhou from the 70s to the 80s of the 20th century.

(b) Song Qinghua Tang Qinghua did not develop rapidly after the initial period, but it went down. So far, we can see that Song Qinghua only had more than a dozen pieces of porcelain unearthed from two tower base sites.

(3) Blue and white flowers: Mature blue and white porcelain appeared in Jingdezhen in the Yuan Dynasty. The most important feature of the decoration of the Yuan Blue and White is the fullness of the composition, and the level is not chaotic. The brushstrokes are more often seen in strokes, smoother and more powerful; Theme motifs include people, animals, plants, poetry and so on.

(4) Ming and Qing Dynasties: The period of the Ming and Qing Dynasties was a time when the blue and white porcelain reached its peak and declined. Ming Yongle and Xuande period was a peak of the development of blue and white porcelain. It was famous for its exquisite workmanship. During the Qing Emperor Kangxi, the “blue and white flowers” ​​made the blue and white porcelain to its peak; after the Qing Emperor Qianlong, it gradually went into recession due to the development of pastel porcelain, although in the late Qing Dynasty ( Guangxu was once rejuvenated and could not continue the momentum of the Kangxi dynasty. In general, official kiln makers in this period were meticulously and delicately manufactured; folk kiln utensils were casual, free and easy, and the screen was very expressive. From the late Ming Dynasty, blue-and-white painting gradually absorbed some elements of Chinese painting techniques.

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